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Department of Computer Science and Technology

  • Research Staff
  • This person is no longer active in the department.


The human element of cybersecurity and human and computer interaction: a) Conducting research on the effectiveness of cybersecurity awareness campaigns trying to identify factors which potentially lead to failure of these in changing the information security behaviour of consumers and employees; b) Conducting research on cybersecurity awareness initiatives for school learners and the role of the school at enhancing cyber safety; c) The social and psychological impact of cyber-attacks and the aspects such as widespread anxiety and the social disruption caused to people’s daily lives; d) Studying the profiles, pathways and psychologies of cybercriminals and how they form their groups.



Journal Articles


  • Bada, M. (2020). Empathy by design: The role of empathy in human-robot interaction (HRI). Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 23(10), 723-723, October 7 2020.

  • Dutton, W., Creese, S., Shillair, R., & Bada, M. (2020). Cyber Security Capacity: Does It Matter? Journal of Information Policy, 9, pp. 280-306. doi:10.5325/jinfopoli.9.2019.0280

  • Bada, M. and Nurse, J. R. C. (2019). Developing cybersecurity education and awareness programmes for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Information and Computer Security, vol. 27 No. 3, pp. 393-410.

  • Bada, M., von Solms , B. and Agrafiotis, I. (2019). Reviewing National Cybersecurity Awareness for Users and Executives in Africa. International Journal on Advances in Security, 12(1&2), p.108-118.

Book Chapters

  • Bada M. (2021). Psychology of Cybercrime. In: Jajodia S., Samarati P., Yung M. (eds) Encyclopedia of Cryptography, Security and Privacy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 

  • Bada, M., Chua, Y.T., Collier, B., & Pete, I. (In press). Exploring Masculinities and Perceptions of Gender in Online Cybercrime Subcultures. In M. W. Kranenbarg & R. Leukfeldt (Eds.), Cybercrime in context: Crime and Justice in Digital Society I. Springer Nature.

  • Bada, M. and Nurse, J. (2019). The Social and Psychological Impact of Cyberattacks, in Benson, V. and McAlaney, J. (eds.) Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities. London: Academic Press, pp. 73-92. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-816203-3.00004-6.

  • Nurse, J. and Bada, M. (2019). The Group Element of Cybercrime: Types, Dynamics, and Criminal Operations, in Attrill-Smith, A., Fullwood, C., Keep, M., and Kuss, D. J. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Cyberpsychology. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198812746.013.36.

  • Creese, S., Shillair, R., Bada, M. and Dutton W.H. (2019). The Cybersecurity Capacity of Nations, pp. 165-179 in Graham, M., and Dutton, W.H. (eds), Society and the Internet: How Networks of Information and Communication are Changing Our Lives, 2nd Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Conference Proceedings

  • Bada, M. and Pete, I. (2020). An exploration of the cybercrime ecosystem around Shodan. In The 7th IEEE International Conference on Internet of Things: Systems, Management and Security (IOTSMS 2020). Conference Proceedings IEEE Xplore ISBN: 978-1-7281-7216.

  • Pete, I., Hughes, J., Chua, Y. T. and Bada, M. (2020). A Social Network Analysis and Comparison of Six Dark Web Forums, 2020 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy Workshops (EuroS&PW), Genoa, Italy, pp. 484-493, doi: 10.1109/EuroSPW51379.2020.00071.

  • Bada, M. & Clayton, R. (2020). Online suicide games: a form of digital self-harm or a myth? In Wiederhold, B, & Riva, G. & Debb, S. Annual Review of Cybertherapy and Telemedicine (ARCTT) International Association of CyberPsychology, Training, and Rehabilitation (iACToR). Conference Proceedings CYPSY24: 24th Annual CyberPsychology, CyberTherapy & Social Networking Conference, 2019

  • Bada, M.  IoTs and the need for digital norms – A global or regional issue? GigaNet Annual Symposium, 2019 November 25, Berlin.

  • Ioannou, M., Stavrou, E. and Bada, M. (2019). Cybersecurity Culture in Computer Security Incident Response Teams: Investigating difficulties in communication and coordination.  International Conference on Cyber Security and Protection of Digital Services (Cyber Security), Oxford, United Kingdom, 2019, pp. 1-4. doi:10.1109/CyberSecPODS.2019.8885240

  • Bada, M., Creese, S., Goldsmith, M. and Mitchell, J.C. (2017). Improving the Effectiveness of CSIRTs. In proceedings of IARIA-CYBER 2017, The Second International Conference on Cyber-Technologies and Cyber-Systems, 12-16 November 2017, Barcelona, Spain, p.53-58. ISSN: 2519-8599, ISBN: 978-1-61208-605-7 Available at: 2017_4_30_80060

  • Kritzinger, E., Bada, M. and Nurse, J. (2017). A study into the cybersecurity awareness initiatives for school learners in South Africa and the UK, In Bishop, M., Futcher, L., Miloslavskaya, N., and Theocharidou, M. (eds.) IFIP World Conference on Information Security Education. IFIP World Conference on Information Security Education, Springer, pp. 110-120. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-58553-6_10.

  • Nurse, J., Agrafiotis, I., Erola, A., Bada, M., Roberts, T., Williams, M., Goldsmith, M. and Creese, S. (2017). An Assessment of the Security and Transparency Procedural Components of the Estonian Internet Voting System. In Tryfonas, T. (ed.) International Conference on Human Aspects of Information Security‚ Privacy and Trust: 5th International Conference, HAS 2017, Held as Part of HCI International 2017. International Conference on Human Aspects of Information Security‚ Privacy and Trust: 5th International Conference, HAS 2017, Held as Part of HCI International 2017, Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-58460-7_26.

  • Bada, M., Sasse, A. M. and Nurse, J.R.C. (2015). Cyber Security Awareness Campaigns: Why do they fail to change behaviour? In proceedings of the International Conference on Cyber Security for Sustainable Society (CSSS, 2015) Coventry, UK, 118-131. SSN+. 


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